Viola odorata and pastilles from Favigny

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imageViolet Bouquet - Albrecht Durer

Albrecht Durer-Violet bouquet (watercolor, 15-th century)

Bouquet of violets - Edouard Manet

Edouard Manet-Bouquet of violets (Oil on canvas 1872)

Common violet , tiny  beauty,hides in semi shades of forest edges. Sweet scent  betrays easily overseen plant.  Modest in nature this flower entered world art galleries ,literature and music,biggest artists love her since ewer, perhaps for it is plant from everyday life with smell from heaven?

http://www.youtube-nocookie.com/v/U7AUclm14UA?version=3&hl=en_US

Listening to the music,would you treat yourself with something special? My favorites are violet pastilles from Flavigny. I love their  violet flower, and the  decorated oval box makes me remember the summer far ago, when  I got a tiny box of violet pastilles from my mother.Since then for me this little pastilles bear memories of almost forgotten summers when eating violet candis we tried to imagine what would the coming summers look like…..

….BOITE OVALE 50 G - VIOLETTE

http://anis-flavigny.com/boutique/en/original-range/2-oval-tin-50g-violet.html

Viola odorata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. odorata
Binomial name
Viola odorata
L.from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viola_odorata

BOTANICAL GARDENS and IG LEARNING

 

Historically looking the first precursors of the botanical gardens, as we know them today, were medicinal gardens in Europe, their solemn raison d’etre was studying medicinal plants .Most Italian universities in 16.th century owned such gardens. With big discoveries new era for botanical gardens came, they started to collect and cultivate new species from new territories. (1)

Ljubljana botanical garden was established during the time of Illyrian provinces, general Marmont’s decree of July, 04, 1810 in article 9 refers that a central school with library, physics and a chemistry cabinets and a botanical garden shall be founded. As at this time Slovenian language entered public institutions for the first time the meaning of botanical garden was not only collecting and studying flora from the place and abroad but also symbolical, building national identity through the use of Slovene language. And we may say IGL took place there already at that time. Professor of botany Hladnik who run the botanical garden at its beginnings took on as a gardening apprentice a fourteen year old boy, Fleischmann, who wandered with him, bringing plants from different parts of country. Much later the management of the garden was entrusted to Fleischmann, who also took over the botanical lectures.

It is a paradox, that after their onset, when botanical gardens played a strong intellectual role in their environment, fostering academically study, they felt to a merely unimportant subject in their environment of recent history. Their role as collectors of different species is too often under stated, their educational role being too often only in simplistic education message for kindergarten and school groups. Even their role as a place for amusement and recreation fade away, as there are so many more attractive spaces for consumer society of nowadays.

And this paradox seems even bigger on close examination of numerous potentials botanical gardens do have for learning society of 21st century.

Intergenerational learning may be able to solve this paradox.

In next lines the main domains of influence of IGL in botanical gardens are described:

1. Influence on human (individual) development-IGL in botanical gardens:

-fosters individual knowledge of botany, environment, ecology, biodiversity, extinct species, climatic change, pollution, ecosystems, alien species

-teaches learning skills, promote learning and teaching

-provides better skills for giving and recieving social support

-increases self esteem

-helps build pro-social life values

-raises community sense

-helps build nature oriented healthy lifestyle

-raises responsibility towards environment

2. Influence on community life-IGL in botanical gardens:

 -contributes to community cohesion

-establishes environment-friendly culture

-promotes sustainable values, makes community life better (teaching about pollution, water

Recycling, eco-friendly gardening etc.)

-helps fighting poverty (gardening lessons, growing vegetables, fruit)

-increases local (government) responsiveness to the needs of local interests

-increases youth and older adult inclusion

-promotes inclusion of migrants (teaching / learning different growing techniques)

-help stakeholder groups to see biodiversity, pollution, ecology, sustainability as valuable frames for their local action

-increases community spirit (our botanical garden-our neighbourhood-our city-our planet)

3. Influence at national level-IGL in botanical gardens:

-builds an environment-friendly society

-implements values of sustainability through generations

-builds a prejudice-free society, open to diverse values, with respect across age, ethnic and race lines

-impacts on institutions (educational, environmental, health)

-increases communication and collaboration among diverse fields of life (culture, natural sciences, social sciences etc.)

4. Influence on international relations-trough IGL in botanical gardens laypersons and professionals learn about:

-various intergenerational learning practices in different countries

-state of biodiversity, nature-protection, sustainability measures in other countries

- care for the nature on international level

-broadening the approach of IGL and IG activities across different countries

-connecting professional institutions from different countries, exchange of knowledge

Among scientific priorities for 21st century are the most important life sciences, with important areas such as: structural biology, integrative biology, biodiversity, ecosystems. Application of genetic technology will change agriculture. Humanities and social sciences will have to begin to communicate with the natural sciences, and to make junctions among them, finding a new common language between the different scientific disciplines.

IGL in botanical gardens could be a catalyst of this process.

Kitschy ladybug botanist marks first tulips

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First spring day yesterday ,spring equinox last night,world poetry day today,parent meeting tomorrow,project deadline next week-a schedule to crush even a stable botany lover !Thanks god for this little find in 1€ shop, it saved my optimism (for what a prize!) today! It may well be kitsch, but look at this little ladybug botanist smile! It makes you believe first tulips are just to come, and you will certainly mark them decently! And in between you will write a  poem at this tiny blackboard-it’s poetry day today,isn’t it?

Dogtooth violet-Erythronium dens-canis

imageFig. 38.

drawing from:

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/18913/18913-h/18913-h.htm#Erythronium_Dens-canis

Today morning walk with our dog  was a canine one.Since I was a kid I kept wondering where the name for Dogtooth violet came, there is obviously nothing resembling dog on this tiny pale burgundy-violet  flower on elegant long stem with marbled brown-violet-light green leaves.Early flowers are hard to find , but when it gets warmer you won’t miss lila carpets in woods.I remember us kids picking them for small bouquets, carrying them proudly despite the dark violet pollen all ower our little arms.

The name cames from plants  cormous  rootstocks-they are white, oblong, looking like dogs tooth-perhaps the reason for the same name in all languages. Although they are not true violets but come from  Liliaceae species. Dogtooth violet is native to Europe, with mostly dark pink,pale violet flowers and occasional rare white ones.In America even yellow ones can be found.It grows in semi shadow of southern European woods, likes acid soil, propagates with bulbs and seeds which are spread with help of ants.

And a-propos my canine walk with our Charlie-the dog didn’t care for the dogtooth violet even a bit, what a shame….……

Erythronium dens-canis
Erythronium dens-canis (right)
and Anemone hepatica ( left)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Erythronium
Species: E. dens-canis
Binomial name
Erythronium dens-canis
L.

from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erythronium_dens-canis

 

 

 

 

Willow catkin wreath or circle of spring

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The morning was grey, clouds shading the early sun and promising first raindrops after a couple of months .Spring was in the air as a tiny possibility after this long winter.Sometimes is hard to remember the circle of life begins with the circle of spring.Then I saw little silver willow catkins, neatly arranged waiting to be brought into fading winter of our homes .I took mine, here are others awaiting to bring spring to your home……..

Willow
Salix alba ‘Vitellina-Tristis’
Morton Arboretum acc. 58-95*1
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Tribe: Saliceae[1]
Genus: Salix
L.
Species
About 400.[2]from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willow

Primula vulgaris or little trumpet

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Among the first flowers to blossom in early spring is prima rosa – latin for primrose.Single plant may live up to 25 years,forming tiny  yellow hills in semishade .Nice in garden , but beautiful in wild. Jane Austen did have it in her garden.

Jane Austen’s museum blog

As kids we would pick yellow flowers  and tried to play on them like on little trumpets.High pitched tone of primrose “singing” mingled with first bees buzz, and we all knew the spring was here.In Slovene language we call primula TROBENTICA (little trumpet).Let them play for you, I found a Pannonia Quartet playing Primula Vulgaris  !

Primula vulgaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Genus: Primula
Species: P. vulgaris
Binomial name
Primula vulgaris
Huds.

from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primula_vulgaris

Helleborus niger or Christhmas in march

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Christmas rose bouquet is the one you can get at Ljubljana marketplace each spring.Even more as that, Christmas roses at Ljubljana marketplace define when the spring has come.For 1€ you can take this spring with you.Which really helps us who weren’t early enough hiking nearby forests to pick up our own little bouquet of the first flowers to appear sometimes even in January.

Christmas Rose
Flowers in winter
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Helleborus
Species: H. niger
Binomial name
Helleborus nigerfrom:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helleborus_niger

Galanthus nivalis cultivars and Fibonacci sequence

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Each spring  snowdrops are among the first announcing the winter is gone. Abundance of these little flowers paints whole white carpets under trees .What a view! 

But there is much more diversity  in these uniformly white galaxy as one could assume at a first glimpse.These white flowers may change shape,their pattern is far from uniform,mutations provide new shapes.But the sad truth is all these variants are mostly not stable in nature.So it actually is a hard work to cultivate a Galanthus nivalis cultivar of even a slight difference.And the good news? Once stable form will propagate with bulbs-by means of Fibonacci sequence which means:0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89 etc!

Happy birthday biedermeier bouquet for me

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Yes, I admit. No, I do not feel guilty. Especially not today.

Yes, I do love cut flowers. No, I do not feel guilty for accepting bouquets. Especially not

for my birthday.

And my dear husband knows it for a long time. I expected something today, but was still surprised as this bouquet was so spring coloured ! And biedermeier bouquet is my favorite!

So, please understand, today I do not  feel like botany-zing about all these flowers.

All I want to do is to sit down and admire all the colors of my bouquet, smell the spring and dream the forgotten forests, beautiful lands and unforeseen flowers.I may even have a piece of cake and a glass of champagne with my family, for the feast is still to come.

See you!