The following is a list of criteria that may be met in part or whole by any institution that is considered to be a botanic garden:

  • A reasonable degree of permanence
  • An underlying scientific basis for the collections
  • Proper documentation of the collections, including 
  • wild origin
  • Monitoring of the plants in the collections
  • Adequate labelling of the plants
  • Open to the public
  • Communication of information to other gardens, institutions and the public
  • Exchange of seed or other materials with other botanic gardens, arboreta or research institutions
  • Undertaking of scientific or technical research on plants in the collections
  • Maintanence of research programs in plant taxonomy in associated herbari
  • .from:
  • : a garden often with greenhouses for the culture, study, and exhibition of special plants —called also bo*tan*ic garden,


    Botanic garden may refer to

     -Botanical garden, a formal garden, often containing interesting rare and          unusual plants and planting arrangements, open to the public

    Botanic Garden (BMT Franklin Avenue Shuttle station), a subway station on the Franklin Avenue Shuttle of the New York City Subway system serving the Brooklyn Botanic Garden

    The Botanic Garden, a book published by Erasmus Darwin\


    •  The following definition was produced by staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium of Cornell University in 1976. It covers in some detail the many functions and activities generally associated with botanical gardens:[1]

      A botanical garden is a controlled and staffed institution for the maintenance of a living collection of plants under scientific management for purposes of education and research, together with such libraries, herbaria, laboratories, and museums as are essential to its particular undertakings. Each botanical garden naturally develops its own special fields of interests depending on its personnel, location, extent, available funds, and the terms of its charter. It may include greenhouses, test grounds, an herbarium, an arboretum, and other departments. It maintains a scientific as well as a plant-growing staff, and publication is one of its major modes of expression.


Mespilus germanica-medlar





When asked to bring some exotic fruit to school I gave my son a handful of medlars and it turned out that for all kids in the class this was the most exotic fruit, none of them knew it.Which is actually a paradoxe as medlars (the same name for tree and fruit) were, after first being cultivated in mideast 3000 years ago,spread to whole Europe. The Romans gave it the incorrect name-Mespilus germanica, altrought it was grown in Germany as well.

In middle ages medlar was extremely popular in Europe , for it is picked in late autumn and can be eaten far in winter time,after the “bletting”of the fruit.In times without fridges and supermarkets with exotic fruits this was obwious advantage.

Later its popularity fade away  but there are several reasons why it would be a shame to let it grow only in botanical gardens. Medlar is a tree with smelling white blossoms, nice dark green leaves and of course-ecquisite aroma of medlar, wonderfully accompanying even the best wines or being transformed into classy deserts if not eaten fresh.










first garden volunteers started with their work

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I am happy indeed, for garden volunteers started to work! It is clear that there will be still a lot of work motivating people to come, but the first ones have already come to the second informational meeting.Among them were even some who have already begun to help in the garden!

It is interesting to hear what their motivation for volunteering in the garden was.They mostly put the desire to help others and community as high as their need to learn more, as they mostly are passionate nature lovers already.Wish to meet other people or to work outdoors and have some recreation was also accentuated.

This group of volunteers is  not big, but it is very important-they actually are the very first senior garden volunteers in our city’s botanical garden ever!

P.s.:on the picture is :




    • a small-leaved shrub of the rose family, cultivated as a hedging plant or for its bright red berries which often remain on the plant throughout the winter.

Genus Cotoneaster, family Rosacea


mid 18th century: modern Latin, from Latin cotoneum  (see quince)  + -aster

from :




The family Asteraceae or Compositae, to which Chrysanthemum belongs, is known as the aster, daisy, or sunflower family. It is the largest family offlowering plants in terms of number of species. According to the Royal Botanical Gardens of Kew, the family comprises more than 1,600 genera and 23,000 species. The name “Asteraceae” is derived from the type genus Asterand refers to the star-shaped flower head of its members, epitomized well by the daisy. “Compositae,” an older but still valid name (McNeill et al. 2006), means “composite” and refers to the unique inflorescence (described below).

Asteraceae is a taxon of dicotyledonous flowering plants. In addition to the chrysanthemum and daisy, other well-known members of the family includelettuce, chicory, globe artichoke, safflower, dandelion, ragwort, and sunflower.

Chrysanthemums were cultivated in China as a

flowering herb as far back as the fifteenth century B.C.E

The chrysanthemum was introduced into Japan probably in the eighth century C.E., and the Emperor adopted the flower as his official seal.

Imperial Seal of Japan

The flower was brought to Europe in the seventeenth century. Linnaeus named it from the Greek prefix chrys-, which means golden (the color of the original flowers), and -anthemon, meaning flower.

In some countries of Europe (e.g., FrancePoland), in Korea, and in Japan, white chrysanthemums are symbolic of death and are only used for funerals or on graves. In China, white chrysanthemums are symbolic of lamentation.

Chrysanthemum. (2008, August 28). New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:57, October 30, 2011 from

How could it be that the same flower is the flower of happiness in some countries and flower for funerals in other countries? It certainly has nothing to do with the flower itself, or am I wrong? Is chrysantemum a flower with a “double face”-in a good sense of a word? Looking at a basket full of little flowers I happen to see even more faces……………..

Setaria pumila-yellow foxtail

imagemorning sun and grasses………………..

………………………………………………………..Setaria pumila
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Setaria
Species: S. pumila
Binomial name
Setaria pumila
(Poir.Roem. & Schult.

Setaria pumila is a species of grass known by many common names, including yellow foxtail,yellow bristlegrasspigeon grass, and cattail grass. It is native to Europe, but it is known throughout the world as a common weed. It grows in lawns, sidewalks, roadsides, cultivated fields, and many other places. This annual grass grows 20 centimeters to well over a meter in height, its mostly hairless stems ranging from green to purple-tinged in color. The leaf blades are hairless on the upper surfaces, twisting, and up to 30 centimeters long. The inflorescence is a stiff, cylindrical bundle of spikelets 2 to 15 centimeters long with short, blunt bristles. The panicle may appear yellow or yellow-tinged.


Salvia officinalis

Cur moriatur homo cui salvia crescit in horto? (Why should a man die who has sage growing in his garden?) This much-quoted Latin adage is from the famous medieval didactic poem on maintaining good health, the Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum. (Salerno was the site of the first lay school of medicine in Europe. See the National Library of Medicine website for more about Salerno.) The proverb is one of many examples linking sage and longevity, e.g., the old English saw “He who would live for aye must eat sage in May.” The name salvia is derived from the Latin verb salvere, or “to save,” another tribute to its medicinal virtue.(

The garden of my inner world

Garden has a strong symbolic meaning in our culture. Growing a garden, having a prosperous garden, planting a new garden, watering a garden-always with this second meaning of something growing, from good ideas, work well done and up to our health.

But do we plant our symbolic gardens after realistic templates, or do they grow out of our imagination? And do we plant our real gardens after the laws of botany or under the influence of  our imaginative gardens of our inner word?

I for myself am happy to have my own imaginative garden .It is a landscape I don’t have to water, but I do have to take care after plants there.Yet it pays out, whenever do I need some peace  I  escape into this garden of my inner world.There I paint flowers for myself, I hear birds singing in high trees, I rest in shadow of an old ginkgo, I walk under old oaks, I make bouquets from imaginative flowers not yet seen by nobody.I think a lot, sitting near pond with little  frogs and I smell jasmine, first roses and lilac,  sometimes I read a book there.There I can walk among sweet memories from my childhood and there I can meet people so heavily missed in my everyday life.

May I be happy enough to transform at least a tiny part ofjasmine this imaginative garden of mine into a real garden!